The arms themselves appear to be constructed from two intersecting runes. Votre boutique viking spécialisée dans l'achat de bijoux viking pour homme femme. Gungnir is Odin’s spear, and a symbol that is closely associated with this god of inspiration, wisdom, and war. The Russian Primary Chronicle mentions the Viking-led Rus under Sviatoslav the Brave validating a peace treaty by swearing oaths to Perun. Tous droits rÃ©servÃ©s, Merci de bien mesurer votre taille avant de passer commande. Bague chevalière en acier inoxydable ornée du symbole viking le plus populaire : le triangle d'Odin. He combines the attributes of the horse (one of the most important and enduring animals to humankind) and the spirit. Filtrer selon la signification et le prix In addition to familiars, various animal spirits populate Norse mythology, such as the eagle who sits in the boughs of Yggdrasil, or the squirrel that scurries along the trunk of the world tree. His sons Ivar and Ubbe carried the raven banner at the head of the Great Heathen Army that conquered the eastern kingdoms of England in the 9th century. The Vikings had an oral culture and did not use runes to write just anything. Les Vikings les fabriquaient Ã l'image des dieux et crÃ©atures de la mythologie comme le Loup Fenrir ou le MystÃ©rieuxÂ DragonÂ du Nord, mais Ã©galement pour reprÃ©senter des objets plus communs comme une ancre ou encore une hache. They were seldom (if ever) penned onto parchment, as the enemies of the Vikings did in France, Ireland, and England; they were carved into wood, stone, metal, or bone (hence their angular appearance). The early runes became known as the Elder Futhark and were used by a wide range of Germanic and Norse tribes. Un bijou masculin et branché, une bague à s'arracher la tête. Many hidden qualities and forces of nature are accessible to us if we are attuned to the natural forces around us. The exact age of the Vegvisir is therefore unknown.Modern technology has done a good job overcoming the dangers of becoming lost that were a grim reality for our ancestors, but the Vegvisir is not only protection against being unable to find one’s way in the physical world. Livraison gratuite. Phone: 972-3-5730855 Mailing Address: Flowers of Life Jewels LTD P.O. Choisissez un symbole qui vous correspond et gravez-le sur un bijou de votre choix. Crawford, J. The word "Viking" does not simply mean any medieval Scandinavian, but rather a man or woman who dared to venture forth into the unknown. Craquez pour cette médaille en plaqué or aspect mat et gravez un symbole qui vous correspond. Samuel Wiser, Inc. New York. The Danish History, Book Nine. Designed by the Artist David Weitzman . Pour NOÃL : derniÃ¨res commandes le 13 dÃ©cembre. Viking axes ranged in size from hand axes (similar to tomahawks) to long-hafted battle axes. Si vous cherchez des bijoux viking homme ou femme vous aurez un large choix qui sâoffrira à vous, ce qui nâest pas négligeable non plus ! UneÂ Ã©quipe dÃ©diÃ©e au SupportÂ pour rÃ©pondre Ã toutes vos questions. Annonces liées à signification croix viking Trouvez et achetez tous vos produits en ligne, le shopping n'a jamais été aussi simple ! Thor had his goats, and Heimdall had his rams. This was something that did not sit well with the kings of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (as it implied parity with them), and for that and many other reasons they made war on him. If you appreciate free articles like this, please support us by visiting our online Viking store and follow us on Facebook and Instagram. Close menu. Home; All Products; Bracelets; Earrings; Necklace; Old ethnic Pendents Seeing Gullinborsti's symbol or other boar motifs would make a Viking think of peace, happiness, and plenty. — The Prose Edda. Boutique en ligne proposant des bijoux viking fabriqué à la main par des maitres artisans scandinaves. The list is not all-inclusive, nor is it meant to be exhaustive but rather just a basic starting point. Découvrez notre collection de bijoux vikings pour homme et pour femmes, inspirée de la Mythologie Nordique et Culture Viking. That is why the dragon ship will always symbolize the Vikings and everything about them. The Vikings believed all things – even the gods themselves – were bound to fate. It is also an easily-recognizable sign that one holds the Old Ways in respect. A massive Sterling Silver or Bronze wolf heads viking bracelet, inspired by a find from the isle of Gotland (Sweden). (2017). Les chefs vikings offraient à leurs disciples un bracelet. Filtrer selon la signification et le prix Some sources seem to hint that the úlfheðnar could have been like berserkers, but unlike the berserker (who fought alone ahead of the Viking shield walls) the úlfheðnar may have fought in small packs. This partnership between god and wolves gave rise to the alliance between humans and dogs. Boutique en Ligne Spécialiste de Bijoux Vikings Authentique Pour Hommes & Femmes. Découvrez notre collection de bijoux vikings pour homme et pour femmes, inspirée de la Mythologie Nordique et Culture Viking. The Icelandic symbol was a visual spell of protection against getting lost (particularly at sea) – something that would have been very, very important to the Vikings. Hrungnir was a fearsome giant – the only giant that was ever able to wound Thor – so in some ways Hrungnir may also symbolize death.While the details are lost to time, the Valknut symbol now calls to mind courage, bravery, and destiny throughout this life and the next. 25 mai 2020 - Découvrez le tableau "Images viking" de Joseph Crolus sur Pinterest. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Viking, Bijoux, Celtique. Reproduction d'un glaive romain de type "Mayence", en acier forgé. The most famous to the Vikings was Fenrir (or Fenris-wolf). Comment dire ou écrire Je t'aime dans toutes les langues. The difference between symbols and motifs is simply a question of formality. Symbols played an important role in Norse culture. The wolf has both positive and negative connotations in Norse culture. Sa collection de bijoux judaïques offre des créations en or et en argent qui reflètent la beauté et les éléments spirituels de la tradition judaïque. The Vikings may have had directional finding instruments of their own, such as the Uunartoq disc and sunstones; but most of their navigation came down to visual cues (the sun, stars, flight patterns of birds, the color of water, etc.).. Later, Irish and Scottish monks adopted the Triquetra as a symbol of the Christian Trinity. Many of these are the fylgja (familiars or attendant spirits) of different gods. There was no separation (as there so often is today) between faith and reality. Workshop Address: Korazin 5 Givataim room 337. Nine lines intersect to form the symbol. 2019 - Explorez le tableau « Tatouage viking » de MENVIKING, auquel 4150 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. Given the potentially disastrous consequences inherent in such sea voyages, however, it is easy to see why Vikings would want magical help in keeping their way. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Symbole viking, Mythologie nordique, Mythologie. Lâorigine des runes remonte aux raids réalisés par les nordiques dans lâEurope, et plus particulièrement dans le Sud de lâItalie. The Triquetra or the Trinity Knot is comprised one continuous line interweaving around itself, meaning no beginning or end, or eternal spiritual life. These archeological finds are at least a thousand years older than Viking influence, showing that the roots of this symbol indeed go deep.Sleipnir symbolizes speed, surety, perception, good luck in travel, eternal life, and transcendence. Freya was the goddess of love, sex, and romantic desire – but she was not just some northern version of Venus. Bijoux-Viking. Viking axes were sometimes "bearded," which is to say that the lower portion of the axe head was hook-shaped to facilitate catching and pulling shield rims or limbs. These books were collections of ancient magical runes passed down from their ancestors. The skalds tell us that berserkers were impervious to iron or fire.Other AnimalsSometimes animals were not just the 'familiars' of the gods but were the gods themselves. The essential thing was in how one met the trials and tragedies that befell them.In Norse mythology, fate itself is shaped by the Norns. The longship was the soul of the Viking. But it was not just a weapon. The very sight of a bear in the wild would make the bravest of men back away slowly. We may never know for certain. En bronze, acier inoxydable. Jörmungandr (also called "The Midgard Serpent" or "The World-Coiling Serpent") is so immeasurable that he wraps around the entire world, holding the oceans in. In Norse mythology, Freya is often depicted as the object of desire not only of gods but of giants, elves, and men, too. (2002), Brownworth, L. The Sea Wolves: A History of the Vikings. Ce bracelet viking était un signe d'allégeance. The Vikings sailed these vessels all the way to the Mediterranean, to Iceland and Greenland, and even all the way to North America. La chevalière et sa signification Traditionnellement réservée aux descendants en ligne agnatique d'une famille noble ou à des personnes non nobles portant des armes depuis longtemps, l'érosion des règles sociales a mené de nombreuses personnes à porter une chevalière armoriée. 1 oct. 2017 - Explorez le tableau « bijoux et objet viking » de le corbeau, auquel 117 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. Viking Clothes The two primary materials from which clothing was made were wool and flax, with other animal fibers and plants such as hemp playing a more minor role. Tous nos bracelets sontÂ rÃ©glables pour s'adapter parfaitement Ã toutes les tailles de poignets. The Viking axe would make the Norsemen famous, and even after the Viking Age waned, the descendants of the Vikings (such as the Varangians of Byzantium or the Galloglass of Ireland) would be sought after as bodyguards or elite mercenaries specifically for their axe skill. Viking Beads and Necklaces Dear Viking Answer Lady: I am a glass artist, and I would like to know more about Viking beads and necklaces. Freya was a fearsome goddess of war, as well, and she would ride into battle on her wild boar, Hildisvini ("Battle Swine"). Freyja.  Wool was an ideal fabric for the Scandinavian climate because of its durability and its warmth even when wet. Mais avant dâen savoir sur les bijoux celtiques de manière générale, nous allons vous donner quelques indications concernant les produits que nous vendons. Daily Mail. Motifs are meant to call something to mind, and though they can attract the attention of the gods (especially images of the god’s familiar, such as Odin’s ravens or Freya’s cats) they are not necessarily “visual spells” the way symbols are. 100% de satisfaction garantie ! Les bijoux avec des symboles gravés, on adore ! He coils around the roots of Yggdrasil, gnawing at them and dreaming of Ragnarok. There was also a similar type of Viking warrior called an úlfheðnar, which means “wolf hides” (or werewolf). Tous les bijoux en argent que nous proposons sont Ã©laborÃ©s pour faire partie d'une gamme cohÃ©rente, de sorte que votre bracelet s'accordera parfaitement avec un autre bijou de nos collections : pendentifs, bagues, t-shirts vikings ou boucles d'oreilles. Itâs no secret that Vikings loved their jewelry. They will fight this doomed battle against the giants and fearsome creatures of darkness for the sake of our world and the world of the gods. With their association with hordes of gold or as the captors of beautiful women, dragons can represent opportunity through risk. Viking Jewelry. Like Thor, Perun was the champion of mankind, a protector from evil and slayer of monsters. Huginn and Muninn fly throughout the nine worlds, and whatever their far-seeing eyes find they whisper back to Odin. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème tatouage viking, viking, symbole viking. Instead of fighting as a team, as other Vikings would, the berserker would sometimes go in advance of the line. They were keeled for speed and precision. Loki made a bet with two dwarves, Brokkr and Sindri (or Eitri) that they could not make something better than the items created by the Sons of Ivaldi (the dwarves who created Odin's spear Gungnir and Freyr's foldable boat skioblaonir). For the Vikings, this discovery of runes meant that they were not invented tools of humankind but part of the larger, deeper truth. Comme les ancêtres scandinaves, honorez les traditions et connectez-vous avec les anciennes coutumes nordiques, en portant ces bijoux originaux et uniques, symboles de force et â¦ Ce bracelet viking était un signe d'allégeance. The Vikings believed cats were the spirit animals (flygjur or familiars) of the Vanir goddess, Freya. This article is brought to you by Sons of Vikings, an online store with hundreds of Viking related items including jewelry, drinking horns, t-shirts, viking clothing, home decor and more. Sa signification reste encore un mystère captivant à ce jour. box 853 Givataim 5310801 Israel. But while some sources describe the Ægishjálmr as a magical object, most sources describe it more as an invisible spell that creates a sphere of protection on the user while casting fear and defeat on an enemy.In the Saga of the Volsungs, Fafnir says of the Ægishjálmr, “I wore my terror-helmet against all men …and I blew poison in every direction before me so that no man dared to come near me, and I feared no weapon. Perun was a sky god and a god of thunder, like Thor. The gods use Skíðblaðnir to travel together over sea, over land, and even through the air. Mon travail repose sur le pouvoir des symboles spirituels et de la géométrie sacrée du monde entier, afin que mes bijoux sacrés procurent bonheur, vitalité, passion et â¦ Saxo Grammaticus tells us that the great shield maiden, Lagertha, had a pet bear that she turned loose on Ragnar Lothbrok when he first came to court her. Ragnar’s Vikings charged into battle with a raven banner flying above them, and each time they did, they were victorious. Gungnir was made for Odin by the sons of Invaldi, dwarves who were the master craftsman who also made the goddess Sif’s golden hair, and Frey’s famous ship, Skidbladnir. Ragnar claimed descent from Odin through a human consort. Groeneveld, E. (2018, February 19). Selection de Bagues vikings, Colliers, Bracelets, Perles, t-shirt et statues au symbole nordique & viking. They were intimately acquainted with the dangers of battle. Nous aimons la beauté et surtout les sens et les significations de nombreux symboles parmi les plus anciens du monde.Comme vous pouvez le voir dans notre menu à gauche nous avons une large gamme de symboles. In the most basic sense, runes were letters, but the word rune also comes from the word for ‘secret’. Divine symbols on amulets, boundary stones, stitched onto clothing, painted on shields, carved into their longships, or as items around their hearths could offer the Viking that small edge he or she needed to face the uncertainties and dangers of life. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème viking, vikings, celte. There are numerous other animal motifs in Norse art and culture. The best Viking bracelets in the world! Again, the transition was gradual, and runes from the Elder Futhark that were no longer useful as letters remained in use as glyphs for quite some time. These lesser Norn may act similarly to the idea of the guardian angels of Christianity or the daemon of Greco-Roman mythology.The Web of Wyrd symbol represents the tapestry the Norns weave. Mjölnir (me-OL-neer) means grinder, crusher, hammer and is also associated with thunder and lightning. 10 janv. Updated 8/20/20. Découvrez notre collection viking de bracelets pour hommes et pour femmes.Bracelet en cuir, bracelet en argent sterling, bracelet en acier inoxydable, chacun d'entre eux a une identité et une signification particulière, comme toutes les pièces de notre collection de bijoux vikings au meilleur prix. The horns’ names were Óðrœrir, Boðn, and Són. Berserkers were Viking heroes who would fight in a state of ecstatic frenzy. Interestingly, Mjölnir amulets were still worn by Norse Christians (sometimes in conjunction with a cross) after the Old Ways began to fade, so we can see that the symbol still had great meaning even after its relevance to religion had changed. Certainly, amulets of many kinds have been in use since pre-historic times. These are Algiz runes for victory and protection intersected by Isa runes, which may mean hardening (literally, ice). The symbol itself survives from later Icelandic grimoire (books of magic), penned well after the Viking Age but from an unbroken intellectual lineage to sea traveling Vikings of earlier times. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Viking, Bijoux, Celtique. Gungnir never misses its target.When Odin sacrificed himself to discover the runes and the cosmic secrets they held, he stabbed Gungnir through his chest and hung from the world tree, Yggdrasil for nine days and nights. Livraison gratuite partout dans le monde, satisfait ou remboursé. Nine was a magic number to the Norse, and within the pattern of these lines all the runes can be found. He is the son of Loki and the giantess, Angrboða; the brother of the great sea serpent Jormungand, and of Hel, goddess of the underworld. The Horns of Odin symbol is also meaningful to other adherents to the Old Ways, or those who strongly identify with the god Odin. Image References Viking symbols stone - https://www.pinterest.com/pin/500110733594231549/ Rune Stone - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runestone Yggdrasil - http://www.germanicmythology.com/original/cosmology3.html Valknut - https://norse-mythology.org/symbols/the-valknut/ Helm of Awe - https://norse-mythology.org/symbols/helm-of-awe/ Vegvisir - http://spiritslip.blogspot.com/2013/10/travel-well.html Horns of Odin - http://www.vikingrune.com/2009/01/viking-symbol-three-horns/ Horns of Odin - http://symboldictionary.net/?p=714 Triquetra - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triquetra Tree of Life - https://spiritualray.com/celtic-tree-of-life-meaning Raven - https://www.pinterest.com/pin/367817494547305175/ Longship Stone - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hja%C3%B0ningav%C3%ADg Dragon Head Viking Ship - http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zy9j2hv Runes Stone - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/viking-runes-through-time.html Raven Stone Carving - http://www.odinsvolk.ca/raven.htm Viking Axe Artifact - http://www.shadowedrealm.com/medieval-forum/gallery/image/48-viking-battle-axejpg/ Viking Animals Carving - http://norseandviking.blogspot.com/2011/09/viking-cats-and-kittens-ii.html Dragon Stone - http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/NovgorodMetalp.html Sleipnir Carving - https://norse-mythology.org/gods-and-creatures/others/sleipnir/ Bronze Dragon Carving - https://www.pinterest.com/pin/268456827765461653/ Niohoggr - http://mythology.wikia.com/wiki/N%C3%AD%C3%B0h%C3%B6ggr Bronze Ravens with Odin - https://fi.pinterest.com/pin/398709373239383493/ Viking Ship Stone - http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/anglo_saxons/anglo-saxons_at_war/teachers_resources.shtml Raven triskele broach - https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/384494886917515740/ Raven coin - https://oldcurrencyexchange.com/2016/05/18/irish-coin-daily-silver-penny-of-anlaf-guthfrithsson-hiberno-norse-king-of-northumbria/ Danish mjolnir - https://mikkybobceramics.wordpress.com/2014/10/28/norseviking-artifacts/. As the Vikings traveled East into lands held by the Balts and Slavs, they encountered peoples who worshipped a god called Perun (a.k.a. Mjölnir is known for its ability to destroy mountains. Cliquez ici pour découvrir Les bagues vikings au style modernisé pour hommes et femmes. Tout comme la religion bouddhiste est pratiquée de nombreuses manières différentes, l'image bouddhiste sert également à une grande variété de fins rituelles, et elle possède des significations différentes pour différentes personnes. By single-handedly attacking the enemy lines (often with sweeping blows of the huge, powerful Dane axe) before his forces could make contact, he sought to disrupt the enemy's cohesion and exploit holes in their defenses that his brothers in arms could drive through. It is a unique the author's work piece of art. Collection de bracelets torque, bracelets vikings, bracelet en cuir de haute qualité. Accessed November 10, 2017. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1150/1150-h/1150-h.htm. The longship – the heart and soul of the Viking – were even called "dragon ships" for their sleek design and carved dragon-headed prows. Jun 19, 2018 - Read all about Wiccan symbols & their meanings including Wiccan pentagram and pentacle,Hecate's Wheel, athame, witch's knot/charm, triquetra & cauldron here Sylvie imagine et crée des bijoux fantaisie à base de pierres naturelles de grande qualité.Tous les colliers et bracelets que vous trouverez sur notre boutique en ligne, sont entièrement créés à la main.Ils se composent de pierres semi-précieuses choisies avec une grande attention par Sylvie. Though the Norse did not equate dragons with the Devil, as Christians do (remember, the Norse did not have a Devil), dragons like Fáfnir can sometimes represent spiritual corruption or the darker side of human nature. En bronze, acier inoxydable. Even as numerous Mjolnir amulets have been discovered in Viking Age sites in Scandinavia, many axe-shaped amulets have been discovered in the Baltic, Russia, and Ukraine. The Bear was sacred to Odin, and this association inspired the most legendary class of all Vikings: the berserkers. Odin is often called hrafnaguð – the Raven God – and is often depicted with Huginn (HOO-gin) and Muninn (MOO-nin) sitting on his shoulders or flying around him. Offrir un bracelet était une démonstration de richesse. L'univers Viking est au centre de cette catégorie. Because of this, symbols tend to be very simple (so that almost anyone can draw them). This article is brought to you by Sons of Vikings, an online store with hundreds of Viking related items including jewelry, drinking horns, t-shirts, viking clothing, home decor and more. Though she cries her amber tears when she misses her wandering husband, skaldic poetry tells us that she has an unbridled sexuality. The term “helm” means protective covering (i.e., helmet). Vikings sailed at the mercy of the mighty seas. 2014, Saxo Grammaticus. The Helm of Awe is mentioned in several of the Eddic poems as being used by both warriors and even dragons! Les Talismans Bouddhistes Buddha Les Images de Bouddha donnent un rappel rassurant des principes fondamentaux de la religion bouddhiste. With Mjölnir, Thor could bring some things (such as the goats who drew his chariot) back to life. Various sagas and chronicles tell us Ragnar's success led him to Finland, France, England, and maybe even as far as the Hellespont in Turkey, and wherever he went, he carried the raven banner with him. Accessed January 9, 2018 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2676386/Hammer-Thor-unearthed-Runes-1-000-year-old-amulet-solve-mystery-Viking-charms-worn-protection.html. For the slain warriors are Odin’s army, and they will join the gods in the last, great battle of Ragnarok. He was conceived when the god Loki shape-shifted into a mare to beguile the giant stallion, Svaðilfari (all so that Loki could get the gods out of an ill-advised contract with Svaðilfari's owner - whom Thor killed anyway). It is made from the fingernails of the dead. Viking Jewelry. This myth shows how the Vikings viewed ships – a good ship can take you anywhere.The relationship of the Vikings to their ships is even more striking when we realize that - in some ways - these ships were glorified boats, and not what we think of as ships at all. This association between the goddess of magic and her cats may be why cats became associated with witches during the later Middle Ages and through our own time.In Norse art or jewelry, the symbol or motif of the cat is meant to denote the blessing or character of Freya, with all her contradictions and strength: love and desire, abundance and beauty, valor and the afterlife, music and poetry, magic and wisdom..BearsThe bear was one of the most powerful and ferocious animals the Vikings knew. Norse Apparel like: T shirts and Hoodies, Home Decor which includes: Fleece Blankets, Doormats, Coasters etc.. Handcrafted Vikings Axes, made by master artists at the best prices. The axe required far less iron, time, or skill to produce than a sword; and because it was an important tool on farms and homesteads, the Norse would have had them in hand since childhood. It is easy to see why the Vikings would be fascinated by them and would want to emulate them.Viking sea kings loved to own bears as pets. Just as our term "alphabet" comes from the first two Greek letters (alpha and beta), the first six runes are F, U, Th, A, R and K. The oldest known futhark arose sometime between the second and fourth century, which is not surprising considering that was the time when war and trade between Germanic and Mediterranean peoples were accelerating. Many of the last few generations of these Vikings were often the children of a Celtic mother ...or Slavic, English, etc. Explorez La Forge ! The word berserker comes from two old Norse words that mean "bear shirt" or "bear skin." Norse/Nordic Arm Rings, Oath Ring, Wolf, Dragon, Raven, Rune, and Mjolnir themes. Découvrez cette collection massive de bracelets viking pour hommes et pour femmes. Tuareg.jewels. The Norns are three women who sit at mouth of the Well of Urd (Urd and Wyrd both mean “fate” in different dialects) at the base of Yggdrasil, the world tree. The biggest difference between Perun and Thor seems to be that while Thor fought with his mighty hammer, Mjolnir, Perun fought with an axe. 100% de satisfaction garantie ! The wolf can also represent the most valued characteristics of bravery, teamwork, and shamanistic power. Nous aimons la beauté et surtout les sens et les significations de nombreux symboles parmi les plus anciens du monde.Comme vous pouvez le voir dans notre menu à gauche nous avons une large gamme de symboles. In Norse art, ravens symbolize Odin, insight, wisdom, intellect, bravery, battle glory, and continuity between life and the afterlife. Ce symbole de trois triangles s'emboitant les uns dans les autres, représente le Valknut, qui est lié au dieu Odin. Freya had a ferocious boar to accompany her in war, named Hildisvini ("Battle Swine"). David Weitzman Workshop. Votre boutique viking spécialisée dans l'achat de bijoux viking pour homme femme. Gungnir is a magic spear, with dark runes inscribed on its point. Si vous cherchez des bijoux viking homme ou femme vous aurez un large choix qui sâoffrira à vous, ce qui nâest pas négligeable non plus ! Bijoux Viking. Thanks to the Marvel movies, nearly everyone now knows about Thor's hammer (Mjölnir) which was a very popular choice for Vikings to use in their jewelry as represented in this ancient Danish artifact to the right.The Vikings also had letters (known as runes), but writing itself was sacred and even magical.